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Annie E. Kennedy Bidwell Papers Edit


MSS 003
Finding Aid Author
Pamela Nett Kruger
Finding Aid Date
January 10, 2011
Description Rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of Description


  • 1855-1918 (Creation)


  • 2.5 Linear Feet (Whole)
    7 Boxes

Agent Links



  • Abstract

    The collection contains correspondence, diaries and business records belonging to Annie Ellicott Kennedy Bidwell.

  • Arrangement

    Correspondence, in chorological order, original Diary, original Rancho Chico Books, original Correspondence, in chronological order, copies Indian affairs, in chronological order, copies Diaries, copies

  • Biographical / Historical

    Annie Ellicott Kennedy was born in Meadville Pennsylvania, June 30, 1839 to Joseph and Catherine Morrison Kennedy. Her family moved to Washington D.C. when she was nine years old as her father had been appointed director of the U.S. Census. After marrying John M. Bidwell a California pioneer, Union General, and congressman April 16, 1868, Annie moved out west to Rancho Chico, Butte County, California. She was involved in church and Indian affairs, philanthropy, civic involvement, the temperance and suffrage movements. She was a devout Christian and member of the Presbyterian Church. She commissioned the Presbyterian Church in Chico. She was an advocate for the local Mechoopda Indian affairs religion and education. In honor of her late husband Annie donated 1,900 acres of land in 1905 and in 1911 another 301 to the City of Chico for public use, know as Bidwell Park. The Bidwell mansion was the social center of the community. Visitors included John Muir, Francis Willard, Susan B. Anthony, Asa Gray, Governor Stanford, General William T. Sherman and President Rutherford B. Hayes. Annie Bidwell died on March 9, 1918.

  • Access Restrictions

    Collection is open for research without restriction.

  • Usage Restrictions

    No restrictions.

  • Custodial History

    Gift from various sources

  • Existence and Location of Originals

    The majority of the collection is copies of originals held at the California State Library, and a few from Bancroft Library, many unattributed.

  • Alternate Form of Material

    Bidwell, Annie E. Kennedy. Diaries, 1888-1911. F864 B48 (Microfilm) Bidwell, Annie E. Kennedy. Bidwell letters Bidwell, Annie to husband John Bidwell, 1868-1869. F864 B49 (Microfilm) Scans of Diary January- June 1901, public use CDs located in MSS CD drawer.

  • Immediate Source of Acquisition


  • Language of Materials


  • Preferred Citation

    Annie E. Kennedy Bidwell Papers, MSS 003, Special Collections, Meriam Library, California State University, Chico.

  • Related Materials

    Bidwell (John) Papers California State University, Chico Bidwell Family Papers Bancroft Library, UC Berkeley Bidwell (John) Papers 1841-1917 California State Library Bidwell (Annie E.K.) Papers 1842-1918 California State Library Annie Ellicott Kennedy Bidwell Collection, 1842-1918. California State Library

  • Scope and Contents

    The majority of the collection is copies of originals held at the California State Library, and a few from Bancroft Library, many unattributed. Originals are filed separately and noted in the collection description. The majority of the collection is correspondence and diaries. The Rancho Chico Account and Time Books, give a glimpse into Mrs. Bidwell’s business affairs and philanthropy.

  • Separated Materials

    No material cataloged separately.

  • Publication Rights

    The library can only claim physical ownership of the collection. Users are responsible for satisfying any claimants of literary property.